Posted by: Cathy in on Feb 19, 2011
Wednesday, in New Jersey, an 8-year-old boy dies from suspected meningitis. Health officials believe that bacterial meningitis is responsible for the death of the guy in Hunterdon County. The bog was in second grade at Union Township Elementary School, and he died on Wednesday morning. The Union Township Elementary School officials say they have sanitized every doorknob, desk top and other surface to try to prevent the spread of the bacteria. According to the Health Department, this is the second meningitis death this year of a New Jersey Student. Another guy who dies from meningitis is a 17-year-old at Matawan Regional High School in Aberdeen. He died last month. Here, let me introduce the main symptoms of all the meningitis, and all of us can prevent it in advance. Symptoms of bacterial meningitis usually appear suddenly, and symptoms of viral meningitis may appear suddenly or develop gradually over a period of days. Here’s the list of main symptoms of meningitis.
2. Severe and persistent headache
3. Stiff and painful neck, especially when trying to touch the chin to the chest
5. Confusion and decreased level of consciousness
7. Sluggishness, muscle aches and weakness, and strange feelings or weakness throughout the body.
8. Eye sensitivity and eye pain from bright lights
9. Skin rash
10. Dizzy spells.
Actually, meningitis is the disease affect the children most significantly. The incubation period-the time from exposure to the infection to when the first symptoms develop-depends on the type of organism causing the infection. They’re symptoms are:
The sings of meningitis may be a fever, irritability that is difficult to calm, decreased appetite, rash, vomiting, and a shrill cry. Babies also may have a stiff body and bulging soft spots on their heads that are not caused by crying. Babies with meningitis may cry when handled.
For young children:
Young children with meningitis may act like they have the flu, cough, or have trouble breathing.
For older adults and people with other medical conditions: They may have only a slight headache and fever. They may not feel well and may have little energy.
After we realize what the symptoms of meningitis, let’s study how to treat it. Meningitis is a serious illness that demands immediate medical attention. It has may causes, but some are fatal, so do not hesitate bringing in a patient for treatment. Here’s the ways:
First of all, if the patient catches a viral infection:
1. Take the patient to the hospital immediately. Meningitis caused by a viral infection can be mild and harmless, but there is a chance of complications and a home cure should not be attempted until doctors give you permission to take the patient home.
2. Make sure the patient gets plenty bed rest. Recovery from viral meningitis can take 2 weeks or more. Bed rest should be enforced for the entire duration.
3. Give the patient plenty of fluids. The body needs and uses a lot of fluids over the course of an illness and these will need to be replenished hourly. Water, broth and juice are the best choices.
4. Administer over-the –counter pain medication to the patient if there is too much discomfort. Do not go overboard on the dosage and only take this step if it seems necessary.
Next, if the patient catches a bacterial infection:
1. Take the patient to the emergency room immediately. The patient will probably be ushered to an intensive care unit (ICU) and treatment will begin immediately.
2. Monitor the patient closely. Bacterial meningitis is dangerous because of the high risk of additional symptoms, such as seizures, prolonged fever and loss of hearing or vision. Treat all new complications immediately to avoid permanent damage.
3. Administer corticosteroids to reduce inflammation of the meninges, the protective membrane of the central nervous system.
4. Administer anticonvulsants if the patient is in danger of having seizures. Seizures can cause permanent damage to the brain if not prevented and seizures during treatment endanger the patient’s life.
5. Administer the correct antibiotics for the determined bacteria. This will clear out the infection
6. Keep the patient in the hospital for at least a few days, if not weeks, after the treatment. The doctors will want to make sure there are no complications.
Last but not least, attaches some warnings:
The first step in meningitis treatment is diagnosis. It is imperative that the cause of the disease if clear before any treatment can be administered. The principle testing method used is a lumbar puncture, also known as a spinal tap, which is used to sample the patient’s spinal fluid.
Please never give aspirin to a child under 12 years old who suffers from a viral infection.
Finally, hope the information I provided helps and all of you are health.
written by jfrancis, Friday, 08:20 PM, February 18, 2011