Since earthquakes appear frequently these years, I’d like to introduce some earthquake safety today. In addition to the famous earthquake in Japan these days, last year, we know earthquake had destroyed more other countries, such as China, Haiti, and Chile. These earthquakes make over 10 thousand people died, millions of people lose their homes and even caused over thousand billions economic loss. As a very serious damage that earthquake will bring to the human beings, it’s more important for us to learn how to prevent ourselves if an earthquake unfortunately happens. Now, follow my step and let’s start.
According to the FEMA, we should stay as safe as possible during an earthquake. Be aware that some earthquakes are actually foreshocks and a larger earthquake might occur. We should minimize our movements to a few steps to a nearby safe place. If we are indoors, we have to stay there until the shaking has stopped and we are sure exiting is safe.
For people who are indoors:
1. You’d better drop to the ground, take cover by getting under a sturdy table or other piece of furniture, and hold on until the shaking stops. If there isn’t a table or desk near you, you’d better cover your face and head with your arms and crouch in an inside corner of the building.
2. You’d better stay away from glass, windows, outside doors and walls, and anything that could fall, such as lighting fixtures or furniture.
3. You’d better stay in bed if you are there when the earthquake strikes. Hold on and protect your head with a pillow, unless you are under a heavy light fixture that could fall. In that case, you should move to the nearest safe place.
4. Use a doorway for shelter only if it is in close proximity to you and if you know it is a strongly supported, load bearing door way.
5. You’d better stay in your original place and don’t try to move if your place is safety. Stay inside until the shaking stops and it is safe to go outside. From FEMA, research has shown that most injuries occur when people inside buildings attempt to move to a different location inside the building or try to leave.
6. Be aware that the electricity may go out or the sprinkler systems or fire alarms may turn on
7. Don’t use the elevators
For people who are outdoors:
1. You’d better just stay your original place and don’t try to move anywhere. However, you have to move away to a ground or other safety places if you stand close to buildings, streetlights or some utility wires.
2. Once in the open, stay there until the shaking stops. The greatest danger exists directly outside buildings, at exits and alongside exterior walls. Many of the 120 fatalities from the 1933 Long Beach earthquake occurred when people ran outside of buildings only to be killed by falling debris from collapsing walls. Ground movement during an earthquake is seldom the direct cause of death or injury. 3. Most earthquake-related casualties result from collapsing walls, flying glass, and falling objects.
For people who are driving a car:
1. You guys should stop as quickly as you can and make sure you park your car away from buildings, trees, overpasses and utility wires.
2. After the shaking stops, please avoid driving through roads, bridges, or ramps because they might have been damaged by the earthquake.
For people who are trapped under debris:
1. Do not light a match.
2. Don’t move about or kick up dust
3. Cover your mouth with a handkerchief or clothing
4. Tap on a pipe or wall so rescuers can locate you
5. Use a whistle if one is available. Shout only as a last resort. Shouting can cause you to inhale dangerous amounts of dust.