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StemCells Inc, a company based in Palo Alto, California, has announced that it will seek Swiss regulatory approval in order to perform the first ever clinical trial of stem cells used to treat old spinal cord injuries. Normally, stem cell companies were usually focused on treating acute spinal cord injuries, which are injuries that are only a few days or at most a few weeks old. However, close to 1.3 million Americans suffer from chronic spinal cord injuries (much larger than the acute group), and this new trial would address injuries that are up to a year old.
The company CEO states that the relevant ethics panels have approved the trial, which it plans to carry out in Switzerland because of the expertise of the institution chosen and also for the well established European network for spinal cord patients. StemCells uses nerve stem cells that are removed from aborted fetuses; essentially these are adult stem cells that are taken from the partially developed brains of fetuses and will form a particular type of nerve cell. Earlier this year, a study was published that showed that mice that were treated with these stem cells could walk better than those treated with regular human skin cells, even as the treatment was administered weeks or months after the injury.
The FDA is proposing a new set of cigarette labels that will show graphic images such as corpses, cancer, and other diseases in an attempt to decrease the number of smokers. The new plan is part of a law that was passed last June that gives the FDA authority to regulate tobacco, including its marketing and labeling. The law does not, however, completely ban tobacco use. (I’m guessing it has something to do with money, but that’s just my opinion).
While the number of smokers has decreased tremendously in the last 40 years, it is still much too high with 46 million adults in the US smoking (this is roughly 21% of the population); even more astounding is that the number of high school students who smoke is about 20% as well. Smoking causes approximately 443,000 deaths each year.
I bet as you read this you are leaning over toward your computer screen, right? Your shoulders are pointing down your head is angled up? Everyone is guilty of bad posture as some point in the day. The key to having better posture is to first analyze if you have a bad posture problem and learning what you can do to improve it.
Straighten yourself out by following these simple tips while you stand:
Years ago doctors would try to hold patients off of dialysis as long as possible, but now the tides have turned and more and more patients are going on dialysis even with sufficient kidney function left. However, this may actually be causing more harm than good, as found in a new study conducted by Dr. Steven J. Rosansky, who is a senior research fellow at the Dorn Research Institute of the William Jennings Bryan Dorn VA Medical Center in Columbia, S.C. as well as an adjunct professor at the University of South Carolina. Dialysis is a procedure that mechanically filters the blood and helps people with kidney disease live longer. It is usually presumed that people with absolutely no kidney function are put on dialysis, but research has shown that doctors put people on dialysis with as much as 15% kidney function!
In the study published yesterday in the Archives of Internal Medicine, Dr. Rosansky’s team looked at the information for 81,176 patients who began dialysis between 1996 and 2006. The only condition that the patients suffered from was high blood pressure. Rosansky found a “remarkably higher risk of death in healthy people that are being put on dialysis at higher levels of kidney function.” The findings were as follows: 9% of patients died during the first year of treatment and 7% died in the second year. There was a 20% more chance that those who started dialysis early in relation to kidney function would die in the first year of treatment, as opposed to 7% for those who started treatment in later stages. Also noteworthy was that those with the lowest levels of albumin, a protein made by the liver, had a 21% higher risk of dying in the first year, compared to only 5% for those with higher levels of the protein. Other risk factors for earlier death included older age, being African American or male, and having a lower body mass index. On the other hand, those that were Asian, had certain types of kidney disease, higher levels of hemoglobin and were treated at a later stage, were in luck because those factors signified better survival.
It's very surprising how little most people know about sleep. Here are a few facts that you may not know about sleep and how too much or too little of it can effect you. Getting a good amount of sleep consistently can help prevent a number of aliments that we have all complained about: Weight Gain, Headaches, High Blood Pressure and Depression, Diabetes and an impaired immune system too.
Feeling tired all day? Then get the sleep your body needs and learn these fun sleep facts.
1. Before the light bulb was invented by Edison people slept an average of 10 hours a night. Recent statistics show that now adults get an average of only 7.
2. One third of adults say that sleepiness during the day interferes with work and social life at least a few days each month.
3. No matter your age, adults NEED 7-8 hours of sleep a night to remain energized and healthy.
4. Staying awake for 17 hours straight leads to decreased performance that is equivalent to a blood alcohol content level of 0.05%. ( 0.08% gets you a DUI )
5. Opening a car window or making the music louder won't keep you alert for long. These are only temporary solutions. If you're exhausted, don't drive.
6. Too much sleep makes you even more tired. Catching up on sleep on the weekends, unfortunately, doesn't work. Maintaining a regular bed time and wake time is key.
7. Sleep Apnea effects over 18 million people in the USA and estimates suggest that when it goes untreated it may cause over $3.4 Billion in additional medical costs.
8. In New Jersey it's against the law to drive after being awake for 24 hours.
9. Jet lag is harder to overcome when you are traveling east because it requires you to shorten your day. Our biological clocks adjust easier to a longer day than a shorter one.
10. The need for sleep doesn't decrease in men over 50 years old, only the ability for them to sleep decreases.
I hope these 10 facts have opened your eyes and thought you something valuable about sleep. Everyone knows that sleep is important and now you have a few quick facts that back this up.
Yes, the above title is absolutely meant to be taken tongue in cheek; however, one professor’s weight loss may have you believing that such a diet may be worth trying. Professor Mark Haub, who teaches human nutrition of all things at Kansas State University set out on such a bizarre journey for a class project to prove that weight loss results purely from calorie counting and not necessarily dependent on the food’s nutritional value.
Professor Haub’s diet consisted mainly of Twinkies and Nutty bars among other Little Debbie and Hostess snack cakes. To add variety he also ate Doritos, Oreos and sugary cereals; additionally, he had a vitamin supplement and protein shake daily, and some vegetables in front of his children so as to not set a bad example. In total Haub consumed about 1,800 calories every day, two thirds of which came from sugary processed foods. Surprisingly, just as he predicted he lost weight, 27 pounds in ten weeks to be exact! Pre-diet, he consumed about 2,600 calories and was considered overweight with a body mass index (BMI) of 28.8. After his diet, his BMI dropped to 24.9 which is in the normal range and he now weighs 174 pounds. Furthermore, his “bad” cholesterol, or LDL, fell 20 percent and his “good” cholesterol, or HDL, went up by 20 percent. His triglycerides level (a form of fat) also decreased by 39 percent.
New research has discovered a gene variation that is responsible for how some people react to HIV. About 1 in 300 people can suppress HIV with their immune system and not show any signs of the virus or need any treatments for decades, while others may be affected very quickly. Scientists decided to find out if they could pinpoint the exact reason for that with the help of the human genome project.
Posted by MichaelSwedenberg in Untagged
Eli Lilly Wins FDA Approval to Use Antidepressant Cymbalta for Back and Arthritis Pain
Eli Lilly & Co. won FDA approval to sell the antidepressant Cymbalta, its second-biggest drug, as a treatment for pain.
The Food and Drug Administration cleared Cymbalta for musculoskeletal pain such as arthritis and chronic lower back conditions. An FDA advisory panel voted eight to six in to expand Cymbalta use on Aug. 19.
From insomnia and coughing to burns and tract infections, here is a list of simple remedies for any occasion.
For a cough: Put three tablespoons of dried thyme into a pint of boiling water. Once it cools, add a cup of honey and take one teaspoon every hour (if needed).
Who it’s for
This is extremely exciting news, but the exact type of blindness at hand should first be clarified. It has currently only been tested in people that suffer from retinitis pigmentosa, which is a genetic degenerative eye disease that affects close to 200,000 people worldwide. Unfortunately it is not for those that were born blind or lost their vision for other reasons; not yet at least.